World AIDS Day 2019: History, Facts, AIDS Symptoms, Prevention & Everything About It

Publish On: 30 Nov, 2019 03:30 PM | Updated   |   Prateek  

World AIDS Day is designated on the 1st of December since the year 1988. This day is dedicated to creating awareness of the deadly disease AIDS which is caused by the HIV infection.

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Education about preventing and controlling the infection is spread throughout the world. Government officials, health officials, and non-governmental organizations take part in this.

The day was first made a thing in August 1987 by two public information officers for the Global Program on AIDS at WHO (World Health Organization) in Geneva, Switzerland. The two officers were James W. Bunn & Thomas Netter.

Before we talk about AIDS symptoms, cure & prevention, let's talk about:


What is AIDS?

AIDS is short for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It is a life-threatening and chronic disease caused by a virus called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This virus attacks the immune system of a human being and ends the ability of the human body to fight diseases.


How does AIDS spread?

HIV is spread mostly through four body fluids:

  • semen
  • vaginal fluid
  • blood
  • breast milk
  • sharing injection equipment when using drugs
  • getting tattoos or body piercings with unsterilized needles
  • accidental needle sticks
  • blood transfusions
  • splashing blood in your eyes

Sexual intercourse or the transfer of infected blood are the major causes of HIV. 


Symptoms of AIDS:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Extreme and unexplained tiredness
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
  • Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders


Prevention from AIDS: 

  • Use condoms
  • Never share needles and injecting equipment
  • You can use HIV prevention medication
  • Go for Screening for HIV in pregnancy.

One more piece of advice would if you ever notice the symptoms do not take them lightly at all, make an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible and get yourself tested.

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