Recent discoveries have been made that diabetic patients are more prone to heart failure. This is because having diabetes can be the only cause of heart failure irrespective of a person’s cardiac structure abnormality. Researchers from America Based Medical Centre, Mayo Clinic have made the discoveries and got it published in a journal named ‘Mayo Clinic Proceedings’.
The aim of the study was to analyse the condition of diabetic cardiomyopathy, which is a disorder in the hearts of the people suffering from diabetes. The study revealed that issues like coronary heart disease or hypertension are not the only reasons which lead to heart failure.
The study involved observing how diabetes can develop a situation of heart failure in the long term. They used preserved ejection fraction, which is a calculation of the amount of blood that leaves the heart with every contraction it has, and reduced ejection fraction, which is a condition when muscle present in the left ventricle doesn’t pump normally.
They also analysed the cause of the deaths within a community population, ways hypertension is controlled, coronary heart disease and diastolic function.
A total number of 116 candidates who suffer from diabetes were involved in the research. The candidates were compared in terms of age, hypertension, gender, coronary artery disease and heart relaxation dysfunction with 232 other candidates who didn’t suffer from diabetes.
The data was compared for a period of 10 years and it was revealed that 1/5th of the participants ended up developing heart failure, with diabetes as the independent cause. From the lot which wasn’t diabetic, only 12% developed heart failure.
The co-author of the study, Horng Chen added, “The key takeaway is that diabetes mellitus alone is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure. Our hope is that this study provides a strong foundation for further investigations into diabetes and heart failure. There is still much to learn and study in terms of this association and how to best diagnose and treat this condition.”